Download Complete Text of Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 104, Insurance Contracts
Ind AS 104: Insurance Contracts
The objective of this Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) is to specify the financial reporting for insurance contracts by any entity that issues such contracts (described in this Ind AS as an insurer). In particular, this Ind AS requires:
(a) limited improvements to accounting by insurers for insurance contracts.
(b) disclosure that identifies and explains the amounts in an insurer’s financial statements arising from insurance contracts and helps users of those financial statements understand the amount, timing and uncertainty of future cash flows from insurance contracts.
An entity shall apply this Ind AS to:
(a) insurance contracts (including reinsurance contracts) that it issues and reinsurance contracts that it holds.
(b) financial instruments that it issues with a discretionary participation feature. Ind AS 107, Financial Instruments: Disclosures, requires disclosure about financial instruments, including financial instruments that contain such features.
This Ind AS does not address other aspects of accounting by insurers, such as accounting for financial assets held by insurers and financial liabilities issued by insurers (see Ind AS 32, Financial Instruments: Presentation, Ind AS 107 and Ind AS 109, Financial Instruments).
An entity shall not apply this Ind AS to:
(a) product warranties issued directly by a manufacturer, dealer or retailer (see Ind AS 115, Revenue from Contracts with Customers and Ind AS 37, Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets).
(b) employers’ assets and liabilities under employee benefit plans (see Ind AS 19, Employee Benefits, and Ind AS 102, Share-based Payment) and retirement benefit obligations reported by defined benefit retirement plans.
(c) contractual rights or contractual obligations that are contingent on the future use of, or right to use, a non-financial item (for example, some licence fees, royalties, variable lease payments and similar items), as well as a lessee’s residual value guarantee embedded in a lease (see Ind AS 116, Leases, Ind AS 115, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and Ind AS 38, Intangible Assets).
(d) financial guarantee contracts unless the issuer has previously asserted explicitly that it regards such contracts as insurance contracts and has used accounting applicable to insurance contracts, in which case the issuer may elect to apply either Ind AS 32, Ind AS 107 and Ind AS 109 or this Ind AS to such financial guarantee contracts. The issuer may make that election contract by contract, but the election for each contract is irrevocable.
(e) contingent consideration payable or receivable in a business combination (see Ind AS 103, Business Combinations).
(f) direct insurance contracts that the entity holds (ie direct insurance contracts in which the entity is the policyholder). However, a cedant shall apply this Standard to reinsurance contracts that it holds.