Overview of Ind AS 106 Exploration for and Evaluation of Mineral Resources
The objective of this Standard is to specify the financial reporting for the exploration for and evaluation of mineral resources.
Exploration for and evaluation of mineral resources is the search for mineral resources, including minerals, oil, natural gas and similar nonregenerative resources after the entity has obtained legal rights to explore in a specific area, as well as the determination of the technical feasibility and commercial viability of extracting the mineral resource.
Exploration and evaluation expenditures are expenditures incurred by an entity in connection with the exploration for and evaluation of mineral resources before the technical feasibility and commercial viability of extracting a mineral resource are demonstrable.
Exploration and evaluation assets are exploration and evaluation expenditures recognised as assets in accordance with the entity’s accounting policy.
Exploration and evaluation assets at initial recognition shall be measured at cost.
An entity shall determine an accounting policy specifying which expenditures are recognised as exploration and evaluation assets and apply the policy consistently.
After initial recognition, an entity shall apply either the cost model or the revaluation model to the exploration and evaluation assets. The revaluation model can be in accordance with AS 16 or Ind AS 38 but the same to be consistent with the classification of the assets.
Expenditures related to the development of mineral resources shall not be recognised as exploration and evaluation assets.
An entity should recognise any obligation for removal and restoration that are incurred during a particular period as a consequence of having undertaken the exploration for and evaluation of mineral resources.
(a) permits an entity recognising exploration and evaluation assets to apply paragraph 10 of Ind AS 8 to develop an accounting policy for exploration and evaluation assets;
(b) requires entities recognising exploration and evaluation assets to perform an impairment test on those assets when facts and circumstances suggest that the carrying amount of the assets may exceed their recoverable amount;
When facts and circumstances suggest that the carrying amount exceeds the recoverable amount, an entity shall measure, present and disclose any resulting impairment loss in accordance with Ind AS 36, Impairment of Assets;
(c) varies the recognition of impairment from that in Ind AS 36 but measures the impairment in accordance with that Standard once the impairment is identified.
When facts and circumstances suggest that the carrying amount exceeds the recoverable amount, an entity shall measure, present and disclose any resulting impairment loss.
One or more of the following facts and circumstances indicate that an entity should test exploration and evaluation assets for impairment (the list is not exhaustive):
(a) the period for which the entity has the right to explore in the specific area has expired during the period or will expire in the near future, and is not expected to be renewed.
(b) substantive expenditure on further exploration for and evaluation of mineral resources in the specific area is neither budgeted nor planned.
(c) exploration for and evaluation of mineral resources in the specific area have not led to the discovery of commercially viable quantities of mineral resources and the entity has decided to discontinue such activities in the specific area.
(d) sufficient data exist to indicate that, although a development in the specific area is likely to proceed, the carrying amount of the exploration and evaluation asset is unlikely to be recovered in full from successful development or by sale.
An entity shall determine an accounting policy for allocating exploration and evaluation assets to cash-generating units or groups of cash-generating units for the purpose of assessing such assets for impairment. Each cash-generating unit or group of units to which an exploration and evaluation asset is allocated shall not be larger than an operating segment determined in accordance with Ind AS 108, Operating Segments.
An entity shall disclose information that identifies and explains the amounts recognised in its financial statements arising from the exploration for and evaluation of mineral resources. An entity shall treat exploration and evaluation assets as a separate class of assets and make the disclosures required by either Ind AS 16 or Ind AS 38 consistent with how the assets are classified.