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CA Final FR Ind AS 7 Statement of Cash Flows Important Questions with Solution

Ind AS 7, Statement of Cash Flows, Important Questions with Solutions for CA Final FR May & Nov 2021 Exams

Question 1 –

Company A acquires 70% of the equity stake in Company B on July 20, 20X1. The consideration paid for this transaction is as below:

(a) Cash consideration of Rs.15,00,000

(b) 200,000 equity shares having face of Rs.10 and fair value of Rs.15 per share.

On the date of acquisition, Company B has cash and cash equivalent balance of  Rs. 2,50,000 in its books of account.

On October 10, 20X2, Company A further acquires 10% stake in Company B for cash consideration of Rs.8,00,000.

Advise how the above transactions will be disclosed/presented in the statement of cash flows as per Ind AS 7.

Solution –

1) As per Ind AS 7, the aggregate cash flows arising from obtaining control of subsidiary shall be presented separately and classified as investing activities.

2) As per Ind AS 7, the aggregate amount of the cash paid or received as consideration for obtaining subsidiaries is reported in the statement of cash flows net of cash and cash equivalents acquired or disposed of as part of such transactions, events or changes in circumstances.

Further, investing and financing transactions that do not require the use of cash or cash equivalents shall be excluded from a statement of cash flows. Such transactions shall be disclosed elsewhere in the financial statements in a way that provides all the relevant information about these investing and financing activities.

3) As per Ind AS 7, cash flows arising from changes in ownership interests in a subsidiary that do not result in a loss of control shall be classified as cash flows from financing activities, unless the subsidiary is held by an investment entity, as defined in Ind AS 110, and is required to be measured at fair value through profit or loss.

4) Considering the above, for the financial year ended March 31, 20X2 total consideration of Rs.15,00,000 less Rs.2,50,000 will be shown under investing activities as “Acquisition of the subsidiary (net of cash acquired)”.

5) There will not be any impact of issuance of equity shares as consideration in the cash flow statement however a proper disclosure shall be given elsewhere in the financial statements in a way that provides all the relevant information about the issuance of equity shares for non-cash consideration.

Further, in the statement of cash flows for the year ended March 31, 20X3, cash consideration paid for the acquisition of additional 10% stake in Company B will be shown under financing activities.


Question 2 –

Z Ltd. has no foreign currency cash flow for the year 2017. It holds some deposit in a bank in the USA. The balances as on 31.12.2017 and 31.12.2018 were US$ 100,000 and US$ 102,000 respectively. The exchange rate on December 31, 2017 was US$1 = Rs.45. The same on 31.12.2018 was US$1 = Rs.50. The increase in the balance was on account of interest credited on 31.12.2018. Thus, the deposit was reported at Rs.45,00,000 in the balance sheet as on December 31, 2017. It was reported at Rs.51,00,000 in the balance sheet as on 31.12.2018. How these transactions should be presented in cash flow for the year ended 31.12.2018 as per Ind AS 7?

Solution –

The profit and loss account was credited by Rs.1,00,000 (US$ 2000 × Rs.50) towards interest income. It was credited by the exchange difference of US$ 100,000 × (Rs.50 – Rs.45) that is, Rs.500,000. In preparing the cash flow statement, Rs.500,000, the exchange difference, should be deducted from the ‘net profit before taxes, and extraordinary item’. However, in order to reconcile the opening balance of the cash and cash equivalents with its closing balance, the exchange difference Rs.500,000, should be added to the opening balance in note to cash flow statement.

Cash flows arising from transactions in a foreign currency shall be recorded in Z Ltd.’s functional currency by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the functional currency and the foreign currency at the date of the cash flow.


Question 3 –

Following is the balance sheet of Kuber Limited for the year ended 31st March, 20X2

20X2 20X1
ASSETS
Non-current Assets
Property, plant and equipment 13,000 12,500
Intangible assets 50 30
Other financial assets 145 170
Deferred tax asset (net) 855 750
Other non-current assets 800 770
Total non-current assets 14,850 14,220
Current assets
Financial assets

Investments

2,300 2,500

Cash and cash equivalents

220 460

Other current assets

195 85
Total current assets 2,715 3,045
Total Assets
EQUITY AND LIABILITIES
Equity
Equity share capital 300 300
Other equity 12,000 8,000
Total equity 12,300 8,300
Liabilities
Non-current liabilities
Long-term borrowings 2,000 5,000
Other non-current liabilities 2,740 3,615
Total non-current liabilities 4,740 8,615
Current liabilities
Financial liabilities

Trade payables

150 90

Bank Overdraft

75 60
Other current liabilities 300 200
Total current liabilities 525 350
Total liabilities 5,265 8,965
Total Equity and Liabilities 17,565 17,265

Additional Information:

(1) Profit after tax for the year ended 31st March, 20X2- Rs.4,450 lacs

(2) Interim Dividend paid during the year – Rs.450 lacs

(3) Depreciation and amortisation charged in the statement of profit and loss during the current year are as under

a. Property, Plant and Equipment – Rs.500 lacs
b. Intangible Assets – Rs.20 lacs

(4) During the year ended 31st March, 20X2 two machineries were sold for Rs.10 lacs. The carrying amount of these machineries as on 31st March, 20X2 is Rs.60 lacs.

(5) Income taxes paid during the year Rs.105 lacs

Using the above information of Kuber Limited, construct a statement of cash flows under indirect method. Other non-current / current assets and liabilities are related to operations of Kuber Ltd. and do not contain any element of financing and investing activities.

Solution –

Statement of Cash Flows

Rs. in lacs
Cash flows from Operating Activities
Net Profit after Tax 4,450
Add: Tax Paid 105
4,555
Add: Depreciation & Amortisation (500 + 20) 520
Less: Gain on Sale of Machine (70-60) (10)
Less: Increase in Deferred Tax Asset (855-750) (105)
4,960
Change in operating assets and liabilities
Add: Decrease in financial asset (170 – 145) 25
Less: Increase in other non-current asset (800 – 770) (30)
Less: Increase in other current asset (195 – 85) (110)
Less: Decrease in other non-current liabilities (3,615 – 2,740) (875)
Add: Increase in other current liabilities (300 – 200) 100
Add: Increase in trade payables (150-90) 60
4,130
Less: Income Tax (105)
Cash generated from Operating Activities 4,025
Cash flows from Investing Activities
Sale of Machinery 70
Purchase of Machinery [13,000-(12,500 – 500-60)] (1,060)
Purchase of Intangible Asset [50-(30-20)] (40)
Sale of Financial asset – Investment (2,500 – 2,300) 200
Cash outflow from Investing Activities (830)
Cash flows from Financing Activities
Dividend Paid (450)
Long term borrowings paid (5,000 – 2,000) (3,000)
Cash outflow from Financing Activities (3,450)
Net Cash outflow from all the activities (255)
Opening cash and cash equivalents (460 – 60) 400
Closing cash and cash equivalents (220 – 75) 145

Question 4 –

A Ltd., whose functional currency is Indian Rupee, had a balance of cash and cash equivalents of Rs. 2,00,000, but there are no trade receivables or trade payables balances as on 1st April, 2017. During the year 2017-2018, the entity entered into the following foreign currency transactions:

1) A Ltd. purchased goods for resale from Europe for €2,00,000 when the exchange rate was €1 = Rs. 50. This balance is still unpaid at 31st March, 2018 when the exchange rate is €1 = Rs. 45. An exchange gain on retranslation of the trade payable of Rs. 5,00,000 is recorded in profit or loss.

2) A Ltd. sold the goods to an American client for $ 1,50,000 when the exchange rate was $1 = Rs. 40. This amount was settled when the exchange rate was $1 = Rs. 42. A further exchange gain regarding the trade receivable is recorded in the statement of profit or loss.

3) A Ltd. also borrowed €1,00,000 under a long-term loan agreement when the exchange rate was €1 = Rs. 50 and immediately converted it to Rs. 50,00,000. The loan was retranslated at 31st March, 2018 @ Rs. 45, with a further exchange gain recorded in the statement of profit or loss.

4) A Ltd. therefore records a cumulative exchange gain of Rs. 18,00,000 (10,00,000 + 3,00,000 + 5,00,000) in arriving at its profit for the year.

5) In addition, A Ltd. records a gross profit of Rs. 10,00,000 (Rs. 60,00,000 – Rs. 50,00,000) on the sale of the goods.

6) Ignore taxation.

How cash flows arising from the above transactions would be reported in the statement of cash flows of A Ltd. under indirect method?

Solution –

Statement of cash flows Particulars Amount (Rs.)
Cash flows from operating activities
Profit before taxation (10,00,000 + 18,00,000) 28,00,000
Adjustment for unrealised exchange gains/losses:
Foreign exchange gain on long term loan [€ 1,00,000 x Rs. (50 – 45)] (5,00,000)
Decrease in trade payables [2,00,000 x Rs. (50 – 45)] (10,00,000)
Operating Cash flow before working capital changes 13,00,000
Changes in working capital (Due to increase in trade payables) 50,00,000
Net cash inflow from operating activities 63,00,000
Cash inflow from financing activity 50,00,000
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents 1,13,00,000
Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period 2,00,000
Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period 1,15,00,000

Question 5 –

Entity A acquired a subsidiary, Entity B, during the year. Summarised information from the Consolidated Statement of Profit and Loss and Balance Sheet is provided, together with some supplementary information.

Consolidated Statement of Profit and Loss Amount (Rs.)
Revenue 3,80,000
Cost of sales (2,20,000)
Gross profit 1,60,000
Depreciation (30,000)
Other operating expenses (56,000)
Interest cost (4,000)
Profit before taxation 70,000
Taxation (15,000)
Profit after taxation 55,000

 

Consolidated balance sheet 20X2 20X1
Assets Amount (Rs.) Amount (Rs.)
Cash and cash equivalents 8,000 5,000
Trade receivables 54,000 50,000
Inventories 30,000 35,000
Property, plant and equipment 1,60,000 80,000
Goodwill     18,000        —
Total assets 2,70,000 1,70,000
Liabilities
Trade payables 68,000 60,000
Income tax payable 12,000 11,000
Long term debt 1,00,000 64,000
Total liabilities 1,80,000 1,35,000
Shareholders’ equity    90,000    35,000
Total liabilities and shareholders’ 2,70,000 1,70,000

Other information:

All of the shares of entity B were acquired for Rs.74,000 in cash. The fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed were:

Particulars Amount (Rs.)
Inventories 4,000
Trade receivables 8,000
Cash 2,000
Property, plant and equipment 1,10,000
Trade payables (32,000)
Long term debt (36,000)
Goodwill 18,000
Cash consideration paid 74,000

Prepare the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the year 20X2, as per Ind AS 7.

Solution –

This information will be incorporated into the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows as follows:

Statement of Cash Flows for the year ended 20X2 (extract)

Amount (Rs.) Amount (Rs.)
Cash flows from operating activities
Profit before taxation 70,000
Adjustments for non-cash items:
Depreciation 30,000
Decrease in inventories (W.N. 1) 9,000
Decrease in trade receivables (W.N. 2) 4,000
Decrease in trade payables (W.N. 3) (24,000)
Interest paid to be included in financing activities 4,000
Taxation (11,000 + 15,000 – 12,000) (14,000)
Net cash generated from operating activities 79,000
Cash flows from investing activities
Cash paid to acquire subsidiary (74,000 – 2,000) (72,000)
Net cash outflow from investing activities (72,000)
Cash flows from financing activities
Interest paid (4,000)
Net cash outflow from financing activities (4,000)
Increase in cash and cash equivalents during the year 3,000
Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the year 5,000
Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the year 8,000

Working Notes:

1. Calculation of change in inventory during the year

Rs.
Total inventories of the Group at the end of the year 30,000
Inventories acquired during the year from subsidiary (4,000)
26,000
Opening inventories 35,000
Decrease in inventories 9,000

2. Calculation of change in Trade Receivables during the year

Rs.
Total trade receivables of the Group at the end of the year 54,000
Trade receivables acquired during the year from subsidiary (8,000)
46,000
Opening trade receivables 50,000
Decrease in trade receivables 4,000

3. Calculation of change in Trade Payables during the year

Rs.
Trade payables at the end of the year 68,000
Trade payables of the subsidiary assumed during the year (32,000)
36,000
Opening trade payables 60,000
Decrease in trade payables 24,000

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